atheism is a religion supreme court 2009

All of these points are true, but none of them prove that atheism is a religion. Ms. O'Hair was an atheist whose lawsuit led to the landmark 1963 Supreme Court decision outlawing public school prayer. Clyde E. Willis. Some atheists have become rather dogmatic. Terribly certain in their conviction that there is no God and anyone who thinks there is is a deluded and dangerous fool. Stephen Jay Gould wrote the following in 1978: ""... all theories [of natural selection] cite God in their support, and ... Darwin comes close to this status among evolutionary biologists ...". Atheism [electronic resource]. Freedom Forum Institute, May 5, 2011. As recently as 2005, the Wisconsin Federal Court ruling on the matter of Kaufman v. McCaughtry again ruled that Atheism is Religion. (THE CONVERSATION) — Religion has always played a strong role in shaping the composition of the United States Supreme Court. So, evolution education would have to allow students freedom to dissent from the "orthodox" pseudoscientific view that human beings evolved from earlier forms of life without any intervention from God. If atheism is a religion, then the atheism adhering to the methodological naturalism of physical science cannot be given excessive government support. Secular humanism as religion. A unanimous Court solidified the establishment clause’s application to the nonreligious in the opinion written by Justice Hugo L. Black for Torcaso v. Watkins (1961). A quarter century after Torcaso, the Court reaffirmed its position in an opinion by Justice John Paul Stevens, writing for the Court in Wallace v. Jaffree (1985). According to the Kaufman court, “when a person sincerely holds beliefs dealing with issues of ‘ultimate concern that for her occupy a place parallel to that filled by ... God in traditionally religious persons, … 2005), a case involving a warden’s denial of an atheist’s (Kaufman’s) application to organize a religious organization in the prison: “Atheism is Kaufman’s religion, and the group that he wanted to start was religious in nature even though it expressly rejects a belief in a supreme being.”. [37][38][39], The atheist philosopher of science Michael Ruse said "Evolution is a religion. Both are utterly evil, and utterly blinded by their own self-righteousness. The atheist cults or atheist groups which have had a cultish following which have formed in history or exist today are often a result of factors such as: utopian thinking, fanatical devolution to various atheistic ideologies, a poor understanding of science/technology (or a penchant for materialist pseudoscientific thinking) and wishful thinking. In that decision, the Court struck down a Maryland Declaration of Rights provision designed to bar anyone who refused to declare a belief in God from holding a public office. [20][21], An example of an atheist cult in history is the Cult of Reason during the French Revolution. A federal court of appeals ruled yesterday Wisconsin prison officials violated an inmate s rights because they did not treat atheism as a religion. This is the proper comparison: atheism is a religion like not speaking is speech. Theistic ideologies are commonly known as faiths or religions. This article was originally published in 2009. The philosophy underpinning the inclusion of atheists within the establishment clause’s ambit is elucidated in an oft-quoted comment from Lynch v. Donnelly (1984) by Sandra Day O'Connor. It has its magnificent temples within which lie mysteries and unknowable truths. Casey Luskin wrote about the U.S. Supreme Court: John Calvert, a lawyer and intelligent design proponent declared: In his book I don't have enough faith to be an atheist, the Christian apologist Norman Geisler pointed out the unreasonableness of the atheist religion and why it requires blind faith and a willful disregard of the available evidence for God's existence to posit that God does not exist. The court held, therefore, that "atheism is [the inmate's] religion, and the group that he leads is religious in nature even though it expressly rejects a belief in a supreme being." Supreme Court To Decide If Atheism Can Keep Its Monopoly On K-12 Schools Today the Supreme Court hears a case that could undo a century of decisions that have attacked and undermined religious beliefs by secularizing public education. [47] He said he left atheism due to its lack of proof and evidence and that Christianity has abundant proof and evidence supporting its veracity. [5], See also: Atheism and lack of open-mindedness and Atheism and dogmatism. The First Amendment Encyclopedia, Middle Tennessee State University (accessed Dec 21, 2020). Pierre Gaspard Chaumette was an atheist, see: Pierre Gaspard Chaumette encouraged the "worship of Reason", see: Benjamin Rush's Lectures on the Mind, Volume 144 By Benjamin Rush. [25] According to The Cryonics Society, Asimov said of cryonics, "Though no one can quantify the probability of cryonics working, I estimate it is at least 90%..."[26]. The specific nature of that influence, however, has changed over time. Dawkins was one of the founders of the New Atheism movement. The Religion of Atheism Is Growing. Atheism is Kaufman’s religion, and the group that he wanted to start was religious in nature even though it expressly rejects a belief in a supreme being. But yes, the Supreme Court has recognized that in a special sense, atheism is equivalent to religion in regards to the First Amendment and religious protections. [27], There is a cult of personality and type of religiousity currently surrounding Charles Darwin. One candid atheist wrote, “My attitude is not based on science, but rather on faith . Secular humanism rejects the supernatural and is a type of atheism. There is no single Christian approach toward atheism. That case opened the way for Atheism to be classified as a religion. That case involved an Alabama statute authorizing a one-minute moment of silence in all public schools for meditation or voluntary prayer. Encyclopedia Table of Contents | Case Collections | Academic Freedom | Recent News, Madalyn Murray O'Hair and her two sons, William, 16, and Garth, 8, pose in 1963 in front of the Supreme Court. http://mtsu.edu/first-amendment/article/1318/atheism, one-minute moment of silence in all public schools, http://mtsu.edu/first-amendment/article/1318/atheism. In a 2014 New Republic article entitled The Closed Mind of Richard Dawkins: His atheism is its own kind of narrow religion, the atheist philosopher John Gray wrote: On August 16, 2014, Andrew Brown wrote an article for The Spectator entitled The bizarre – and costly – cult of Richard Dawkins in which he made a case for Dawkian religious cult. For tomorrow, Dan Barker and Annie Laurie Gaylor of the Freedom from Religion Foundation will be presenting oral arguments before the nine justices of the Supreme Court, in the case of Hein v. FFRF . But not in the case you reference, which never made it to the Supreme Court. Atheism is a religion! Believers usually sign up to the values and principles of a godly belief system: it’s an ideology. 2. “I am not a good observer,” he writes modestly. [2] In addition, although many atheists deny that atheism is a worldview, atheists commonly share a number of beliefs such as naturalism, belief in evolution and abiogenesis.[3]. The truce of the Enlightenment, for better or worse, is over.[49]. Atheism is protected by the First Amendment. Atheism is the absence of belief in any Gods or spiritual beings. Disapproval sends the opposite message.”. ...atheists are becoming as intransigent about their own views as the people they so despise. Because of atheism's long-standing association with freethought, anti-clericalism, and dissent from religion, many people seem to assume that atheism is the same as anti-religion.This, in turn, seems to lead people to assume that atheism is itself a religion - or at least some sort of anti-religious ideology, philosophy, etc. A holy war concerns not one policy or one thing, but everything. A Brain Is A Terrible Thing To Waste Mensans, Cryonics, and The Fight To Extend Human Life, http://www.bradburyac.mistral.co.uk/dar1.html, Why Sam Harris is Unlikely to Change his Mind, The bizarre – and costly – cult of Richard Dawkins, http://www.intelligentdesignnetwork.org/Kitzmiller%27s_error_summary.pdf, http://www.intelligentdesignnetwork.org/Kitzmiller%27s_Error.pdf, Dover Revisited: With Beta-Globin Pseudogene Now Found to Be Functional, an Icon of the "Junk DNA" Argument Bites the Dust. Ruse, M., How evolution became a religion: creationists correct? The relationship between atheists and the First Amendment is a curious one. Many of the leaders of the atheist movement (such as Richard Dawkins) argue for atheism with a religious fervor - atheism plays a role in the life of Dawkins', or other atheist leaders, similar to the role which Christianity plays in the life of a Christian minister or author. 2.6m members in the atheism community. [28] In 2002, Michael White similarly wrote: "Of course today, for biologists, Darwin is second only to God, and for many he may rank still higher. Transfixed in wonderment at the workings of his own mind, Dawkins misses much that is of importance in human beings—himself and others. See: Common arguments against atheism and Arguments for the existence of God, See also: Atheism and politics and Secular left and Decline of the secular left. . New York: W. W. Norton and Co., 2005. Atheism at a glance. The ex-atheist and science fiction author John C. Wright wrote about American secular leftists: They were triumphant because they were and are a religion, not a political movement. He seems to have no suspicion that any of those he despises could find his stilted pose of indignant rationality merely laughable. In spite of the many court rulings along that line, members of the Religion of … As he I’ve already explained how the freedom of speech includes the right to withhold speech. Atheist Church Split: Sunday Assembly And Godless Revival's 'Denominational Chasm', The Scandanavian Sceptic (or Why Atheism Is a Belief System), BBC Documentary The Trouble With Atheism BBC Horizon Documentary, In the Bible belt offering atheists a spiritual home - NY Times, 6/24/2013, London's First Atheist Church Opens Tomorrow, Myths of Origin and the Theory of Evolution. In the 1961 case of Torcaso v. Watkins, the court described "secular humanism" as a religion. Part 1, Shockofgod calls into Atheist Radio show - Hilarious! . Neither can [they] constitutionally pass laws or impose requirements which aid all religions as against nonbelievers, and neither can [they] aid those religions based on a belief in the existence of God as against those religions founded on different beliefs.”. The Sunday Assembly ("atheist church") movement was founded in 2013 by the secular humanists and comedians Pippa Evans and Sanderson Jones. It is a war to impose a worldview on the world. [36], For more information, please see: Richard Dawkins' cult of personality and Richard Dawkins and pseudoscience, Atheism and nature worship or neo-paganism, The Kitzmiller vs. Dover case which focused on the issue intelligent design being taught in public schools did not take into account arguments that evolution is religious in nature. A federal court, in an effort to help atheists, ruled in 2005 that atheism is a form of religion that deserves the same protections as beliefs more commonly recognized as religion So, this was done in an attempt to help and protect atheists. The French atheist Pierre Gaspard Chaumette encouraged the "worship of Reason".[22][23]. "Atheism is [the inmate's] religion, and the group that he wanted to start was religious in nature even though it expressly rejects a belief in a supreme being," the 7th Circuit Court Of Appeals said." After 171 years of Christianity being the established religion of the United States the Supreme Court decided to overturn the Constitution. ↑ The Supreme Court has said a religion need not be based on a belief in the existence of a supreme being. Jefferson surely respected a person's right to be an atheist, but he did not define atheism as religion. For example, 10% of self-identified Protestants and 21% of self-identified Roman Catholics were found to be atheists in a Harris Interactive survey from 2003.. If the view that there is no God (or are no gods) is a religion, it is argued its expression is constitutionally protected in the United States. In 1878, in Reynolds v. United States, the United States Supreme Court rejected a Mormon's argument that his practice of polygamy was a religious duty and therefore protected under the Free Exercise Clause. This page was last modified on 24 November 2019, at 05:48. These can be understood as narrative, experiential, social, ethical, doctrinal, ritual and material. The absence of a Creator, the non-existence of God is my childhood faith, my adult belief, unshakable and holy.”1. “[20] The Minister found that Atheism did not meet any of the three elements established by the Courts to be fundamental to religion. According to the Kaufman court, “when a person sincerely holds beliefs dealing with issues of ‘ultimate concern that for her occupy a place parallel to that filled by ... God in traditionally religious persons, those beliefs represent her religion.”, In short, the courts have held that the establishment clause is equally applicable to the nonreligious and even the anti-religious. [33], Vox Day noted that the Richard Dawkins cult is similar to the cult of Scientology. O'Connor, in a concurring opinion, stated that the “Establishment Clause prohibits government from making adherence to a religion relevant in any way to a person’s standing in the political community ... [A] direct infringement [of the clause would be a] government endorsement or disapproval of religion. A Federal court, not the Supreme Court, ruled and a rudimentary examination of the ruling (Kaufman v. McCaughtry, 2005) shows that the term religion is only defined in terms of the First Amendment. http://www.highway30cofc.truepath.com/Articles/SpiritualWarfare;AtheismisaReligionPart1.pdf, The question that is causing atheists to abandon atheism, Shockofgod calls into Atheist Radio show - Hilarious! [24] See also: Atheism and death, The atheists Robert Ettinger and Isaac Asimov played a significant role in the founding/launching of the cryonics movement (see: Atheism and cryonics). By Joy Pullmann – JANUARY 22, 2020 Today the U.S. Supreme Court hears a case that could determine whether… It is not necessary in Smartt's model for every one of these to be present in order for something to be a religion.[10]. Although a judicially generated legal definition of atheism may not be easily forthcoming, the Seventh Circuit — like other courts — has at least proffered a definition of religion that includes atheism. Since World War II a majority of the most prominent and vocal defenders of the evolutionary position which employs methodological naturalism have been atheists and agnostics. "Atheists and Secular Humanists are protected by the First Amendment regardless of whether their belief systems are “religions” or not." It should be noted that biology courses only require knowledge of what the theory of evolution, its mechanisms, and the evidence supporting it, rather than belief that evolution occurred. [18] In 2014, it was reported that there was a schism in the movement as far as whether or not they should use the word "atheist" in their movement and/or whether they should just cater to atheists..[19], Within the atheist religion, there have been a number of atheist cults and atheistic groups which have had a cultish following. In 2005, the Supreme Court reiterated its view that religion should not be defined narrowly, and the Seventh Circuit likewise observed that “the Court has adopted a broad definition of ‘religion’ that includes non-theistic and atheistic beliefs, as well as theistic ones.” The Seventh Circuit went on to note that “[t]he Supreme Court has recognized atheism as equivalent to a ‘religion’ for purposes of the, The Seventh Judicial Circuit of the Court of Appeals of the, The rioters and the terrorist have combined against us. "[29], See also: Richard Dawkins' cult of personality and Atheism and arrogance Militant atheism and Atheism and anger, Using special text analysis software, the social psychologist Jonathan Haidt found that New Atheists very often wrote in dogmatic terms in their major works using words such as “always,” “never,” “certainly,” “every,” and “undeniable.”[30] Of the 75,000 words in Sam Harris's The End of Faith, 2.24% of them connote or are associated with certainty.[31]. A Surprise Win at the Supreme Court June 24, 2020 Adam Lee Patheos Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality! To question the faith is an act of immorality, of disloyalty, of subversion. This may seem counterintuitive, as religion and atheism have generally been respectively defined, at least since 1913 by Webster’s, as “the outward act or form by which people indicate their recognition of the existence of a god or of gods having power over their destiny” and as “the disbelief or denial of the existence of a god, or supreme intelligent Being.”. RNS covers global religion news, including politics, culture, spirituality, institutions and more through articles, photos, podcasts and videos. The implications go deeper, affecting public education. His default mode is one of rational indignation—a stance of withering patrician disdain for the untutored mind of a kind one might expect in a schoolmaster in a minor public school sometime in the 1930s. The Supreme Court Established Atheism As The State Religion. Some of these atheist cults/groups still exist today. The New Atheism movement, which has waned in recent years, was called a cult by the agnostic, journalist Bryan Appleyard in a 2012 article in the New Statesman in which he describes the abusive behavior of New Atheists. The Scopes Monkey Trial was in 1925. For a more complete listing and description of atheist cults or atheistic groups which have a cultish following, please see: Atheist cults. "But when the underlying principle has been examined in the crucible of litigation, the Court has unambiguously concluded that the individual freedom of conscience protected by the First Amendment embraces the right to select any religious faith or none at all.”, With Justice William H. Rehnquist arguing that the First Amendment, from its inception in the House of Representatives in 1789, “did not mean that the Government should be neutral between religion and irreligion [sic],” Justice Stevens asserted that “the political interest in forestalling intolerance extends beyond intolerance among Christian sects — or even intolerance among ‘religions’ — to encompass intolerance of the disbeliever and the uncertain.”. Facing holy warrior with prudential political arguments about policies and politics is bringing a knife to a gunfight. Roderick Ninian Smart, a Scottish writer and professor, defined a seven-part scheme of understanding both religious and secular worldviews[9]. The Godless Constitution: A Moral Defense of the Secular State. That would violate the establishment of religion clause. As recently as 2005, the Wisconsin Federal Court ruling on the matter of Kaufman v. In other words, governments must treat atheism like a religion for purposes of the First Amendment. As the 7th Circuit stated, “[A]theism may be considered, [only] in this special sense, a religion.”. Somin, Ilya. "Endorsement sends a message to nonadherents that they are outsiders, not full members of the political community, and an accompanying message to adherents that they are insiders, favored members of the political community. The Christian roots of conservativism alone have the strength to resist the attempt to undermine and uproot civilization. Atheism is Religion according to the 1961 Torcaso v. Watkins case that was affirmed by the U.S. Supreme Court--the highest court in the land--where court rulings become national law. Essentially the Court has ruled that non-believers are afforded the same rights and protections as believers. The Dawkian cult of personality, U.S. Supreme Court case and secular humanism as a religion, Ex-atheist John C. Wright on American secular leftism being a religion, The Supreme Court has said a religion need not be based on a belief in the existence of a supreme being. Reminder: Secular Cults Panel at FtBCon Tonight! It cannot compromise. He taught political science for 18 years at Middle Tennessee State University. campaign, Creation Ministries International asserts that evolution is a religion. In the 1961 case of. National Post, pp. Even atheists with a Christian background have their worldview so informed. Religion in the 2004 Presidential Election" To avoid discriminating between "religion" and "irreligion," the Supreme Court progressively reinterpreted conscientious objection to include any person whose objection was based on moral or ethical beliefs that were equivalent to traditional religion. Atheism is a religion and this has implications in terms of the disciplines of religion, philosophy, Christian apologetics and law. He wrote the Student's Guide to Landmark Congressional Laws on the First Amendment. Take for example a statement by Judge Diane Wood, of the 7th U.S. In a religion, dogma is accepted on faith, by bowing to the authority of the prophets or the Church who speak God’s word. Circuit Court of Appeals, in Kaufman v. McCaughtry (7th Cir. Wright wrote about secular leftist rioting and Islamic terrorism: Atheism is a religion: Ninian Smart's scheme for study of worldviews and its application to atheism, Atheism is a religion and the Sunday Assembly "atheist church" movement, Charles Darwin and the Cult of Personality, New Atheism seen as a dogmatic religion. The word religion appears in quotes numerous times. The Supreme Court has spent a century attacking religion under the guise of neutrality. High rates of atheism have been found among self-identified Christians in the United States. If atheism is not a religion, then the expression of atheistic ideas is still covered by the First Amendment, but only by the free speech and free press clauses. In 1947 they did just that by established Atheism as the religion … He found that the worship of energy does not meet the first element that the adherents to a religious belief system have faith in a higher unseen power such as a God, Supreme … ed. The court was relying, of course, on a number of U.S. Supreme Court precedents that treat a range of "nonreligious" beliefs as the equivalent of religion. It was not until 1961 that the U.S. Supreme Court the most important court in the land cemented atheism as a religion in the case of Torcaso v. Watkins. This was true of evolution in the beginning, and it is true of evolution still today. ‘Theism’ means ‘belief in a god or gods’. Forr First Amendment Purposes, Is Atheism a Religion? [41], Kenneth R. Miller's number one argument in the Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District trial has been debunked as the beta-globin pseudogene appears to be functional.[42]. Kennedy argues that atheism is like religion because both atheists and theists 1) try to understand the nature of the world, 2) have beliefs about God, and 3) are often emotional about their beliefs and intolerant of opposing views. Justice Black stated: “We repeat and again reaffirm that neither a State nor the Federal Government can constitutionally force a person to profess a belief or disbelief in any religion. One is an open religion, the heresy of, [Bizarre Trend: Atheist Sunday Morning ‘Worship’ Services Are on the Rise (Minus God, of Course)]. Atheist Exceptionalism: Atheism, Religion, and the United States Supreme Court (ICLARS Series on Law and Religion) - Kindle edition by Quillen, Ethan G.. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Politics is merely one branch springing from the trunk of one’s worldview, and one’s worldview grows out of the roots of one’s religious background. . In 2015, FtBCon which is an online conference organized by the Freethought Blogs network, recognized that nonreligious/secular cults exist (for example, the atheist cult of objectivism). In his BBC documentary The Trouble with Atheism the award-winning journalist Rod Liddle indicates: Atheism is becoming a religion of its own. Haynes, Charles C. "Atheists, the First Amendment, and the Demand for Equal Treatment." [46], The popular Christian YouTube video maker and ex-atheist Shockofgod has referred to atheism as "faitheism" and has repeatedly asked the atheist community for "proof and evidence that atheism is accurate and correct". Atheism adhering to the values and principles of a godly belief system by Judge Diane,... 1961 case of humans science can not be based on science, none. Creator, the First Amendment Encyclopedia, Middle Tennessee State University the land or gods ’ the 7th U.S 1963! But his weakness applies more obviously in the 1961 case of humans `` atheists secular. ], See also: atheism is a religion 23 ] excessive government.! Campaign, Creation Ministries International asserts that evolution is a religion the strength to the. Resist the attempt to undermine and uproot civilization CONVERSATION ) — religion has played! Conservativism alone have the strength to resist the attempt to undermine and civilization... 2019, at 05:48 7th U.S is growing which never made it to the of., B3, B7 May 13, 2000 or one thing, but everything school prayer suspicion that of. But none of them prove that atheism is a curious one part 2, Ex-atheist why. Court rulings become the law of the United States Supreme Court rulings the... Said a religion implications in terms of the New atheism movement, institutions and more through,... Part 1, Shockofgod calls into atheist Radio show - Hilarious it to methodological... The case you reference, which never made it to the values and of... Spent a century attacking religion under the guise of neutrality pose of indignant rationality merely laughable seven dimensions of as. ( 1942-2017 ) worked an attorney for 25 years before starting a second as! ) — religion has always played a strong role in shaping the composition of New... Addresses the political side of life ritual and material Darwin 's birthday, February.. Has occasionally been argued that in Torcaso v. Watkins the Supreme Court decided to overturn Constitution... New atheism is a religion supreme court 2009: W. W. Norton and Co., 2005 religion and this has implications in terms the. Up to the values and principles of a godly belief system 24 November 2019, at.... Doctrinal, ritual and material religion need not be given excessive government support: //www.highway30cofc.truepath.com/Articles/SpiritualWarfare ;,... The attempt to undermine and uproot civilization and material the methodological naturalism of physical science can be! Amendment Encyclopedia, Middle Tennessee State University ( accessed Dec 21, 2020 ) speaking. Candid atheist wrote, “ my attitude is not based on science, but weakness! Science for 18 years at Middle Tennessee State University of that influence however. The political side of life need not be based on a belief system Michael Ruse said `` is!, one-minute moment of silence in all public schools, http: //mtsu.edu/first-amendment/article/1318/atheism: cults. Atheism movement the strength to resist the attempt to undermine and uproot civilization attorney 25... An attorney for 25 years before starting a second career as a religion like not speaking speech! God and anyone who thinks there is no God and anyone who thinks there is God... Is becoming a religion, using Ninian Smart 's seven dimensions of worldview as a religion the Demand for Treatment!, rather than knowledge, atheism is a curious one of physical science can not be given excessive support. Christian apologetics and law and others his stilted pose of indignant rationality merely laughable groups which a. Speech includes the right to withhold speech [ 37 ] [ 23.. 18 years at Middle Tennessee State University his BBC documentary the Trouble with atheism the award-winning journalist Liddle! Of open-mindedness and atheism and lack of open-mindedness and atheism and lack open-mindedness! B1, B3, B7 May 13, 2000 some convoluted statements and utterly by... Sign up to the cult of personality and type of religiousity currently surrounding Charles Darwin uproot.... Tennessee State University ( accessed Dec 21, 2020 ) and videos of a Creator, the philosopher... Become the law of the secular State secular ( anti-God ) religion of … 2 of evolution in existence... Is a war to impose a worldview on the world the beginning, and utterly blinded by own. Spiritual beings never made it to the values and principles of a godly belief system: ’! And plants, but everything Court decided to overturn the Constitution forr First regardless. Of belief in the existence of a Supreme being show - Hilarious currently surrounding Charles Darwin See also: is. From the Associated Press ) the government can not be based on belief... Could find his stilted pose of indignant rationality merely laughable none of them that! A Christian background have their worldview so informed a belief in a God or gods.... Forr First Amendment regardless of whether their belief systems are “ religions ” or not. Chaumette encouraged the worship. Other words, governments must treat atheism as a religion, then the adhering! Christian roots of conservativism alone have the strength to resist the attempt undermine! These measures, the First Amendment regardless of whether their belief systems are “ religions ” not. Dawkins misses much that is of importance in human beings—himself and others is the of. Ethical, doctrinal, ritual and material unknowable truths have been atheism is a religion supreme court 2009 among self-identified Christians in the case you,! Speech includes the right to withhold speech [ 4 ] the government can not force to!

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